Word Quiz 1.2.6
Improving With Age.
"A soft answer turns away wrath," says the book
of Proverbs. And this book of the Bible contains
many words of wisdom every bit as pertinent today
as when they were first set down nearly three
thousand years ago. How many of these words
do you know?
1. diligent (adj.) - A: honest. B: hard-working. C: humor-
less. D: watchful.
2. prudence (n.) - A: cautious judgment. B: fussiness.
C: morality. D: traditional practice.
3. devious (adj.) - A: thoughtless. B: laid-back. C: compli-
cated. D: deceitful.
4. garland (n.) - A: spice. B: wreath. C: ringlet. D: flower
5. cistern (n.) - A: stream. B: culvert. C: tank. D: tube.
6. sluggard (n.) - person who is A: foolish. B: pugnacious.
C: awkward. D: lazy.
7. vexation (n.) - A: annoyance. B: slyness. C: unfriend-
liness. D: fright.
8. lattice (n.) - A: enclosure. B: covering. C: head
decoration. D: shutter.
9. vapor (n.) - A: breeze. B: ointment. C: mist. D: whimsy.
10. countenance (n.) - A: reliability. B: facial expression.
C: antagonism. D: behavior.
11. repute (n.) - A: reputation. B: gossip. C: denial.
D: illicit business.
12. provocation (n.) - A: solemn statement. B: something
that incites. C: gloomy prediction. D: inclination.
13. abhor (v.) - A: to detest. B: refuse to acknowledge.
C: treat shamefully. D: put an end to.
14. meddle (v.) - A: to force. B: interfere. C: confuse.
15. importune (v.) - A: to insult. B: convince. C: criti-
cize. D: beg.
16. crucible (n.) - A: cross. B: piece of jewelry. C: heat-
resistant container. D: buttress.
17. reproof (n.) - A: addition confirmation. B: expression
of disapproval. C: silence. D: violent agitation.
18. envoy (n.) - A: messenger. B: escort. C: royal attendant.
19. surety (n.) - A: equilibrium. B: faithfulness.
C: determination. D: guarantee.
20. exalt (v.) - A: to sing. B: boast. C: glorify. D: leap.
Here are the answers:
1. diligent - B: Hard-working; painstakingly careful; as,
"...the soul of the diligent is richly supplied" (Proverbs
13:4). Latin diligere (to esteem, choose).
2. prudence - A: Cautious good judgment; as, "...that
prudence may be given to the simple, knowledge and discre-
tion to the youth" (1:4). Latin prudentia (foresight).
3. devious - D: Deceitful; shifty; as, "He who walks in
unrightness fears the Lord, but he who is devious in his
ways despises him" (14:2). Latin devius (off the road).
4. garland - B: Wreath of flowers used as decoration or as
a symbol of honor; as, "[Your father's instruction and
mother's teaching] a fair garland for your head" (1:9). Old
5. cistern - C: Tank for collecting rainwater; as, "Drink
water from your own cistern" (5:15). Latin cisterna (under-
6. sluggard - D: Lazy person; loafer; idler; as, "Go to the
ant, O sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise" (6:6).
Middle English slogarde.
7. vexation - A: Annoyance; irritation; as, "The vexation of
a fool is known at once, but the prudent man ignores an
insult" (12:16). Latin vexatio.
8. lattice - D: Shutter, trellis of crossed strips; as, "For
at the window of my house I have looked out through my
lattice" (7:6). Old French lattis.
9. vapor - C: Mist or fog; as, "The getting of treasures by
a lying tongue is a fleeting vapor and a snare of death"
10. countenance - B: Facial expression showing one's feel-
ings; as, "A glad heart makes a cheerful countenance" (15:
13). Old French contenance (conduct).
11. repute - A: Reputation; as, "...do not disclose another's
secret; lest he who hears you bring shame upon you, and your
ill repute have no end" (25:10). Latin reputare (to think
12. provocation - B: Something that incites or angers; as,
"A stone is heavy, and sand is weighty, but a fool's provo-
cation is heavier than both" (27:3). Latin provocare (to
13. abhor - A: To detest; regard with disgust or horror; as,
"He who says to the wicked, 'You are innocent,' will be...
abhorred by nations" (24:24). Latin abhorrere (to shrink
14. meddle - B: To interfere needlessly in others' affairs;
as, "He who meddles in a quarrel not his own is like one who
takes a passing dog by the ears" (26:17). Old French medler
15. importune - D: To beg with persistent urgency; as,
"...you have come into your neighbor's power: go, hasten,
and importune your neighbor" (6:3). Latin importunus
16. crucible - C: Heat-resistant container in which materials
are melted; also, a severe test; as, "The crucible is for
silver...and a man is judged by his praise (27:21). Medieval
Latin crucibulum (night lamp).
17. reproof - B: Expression of disapproval; rebuke; as,
"Give heed to my reproof" (1:23). Old French reprouver.
18. envoy - A: Messenger; government representative of a
diplomatic mission; as, "...a faithful envoy brings healing"
(13:17). Old French (a sending).
19. surety - D: Guarantee; person responsible for another;
as, "Be not one of those who give pledges, who become surety
for debts" (22:26). Latin securus (sure; free from fears).
20. exalt - C: To glorify; praise; lift up; as, "Righteous-
ness exalts a nation: (14:34). Latin exaltare (to lift up).